Cancers We Try to Help -

Cancers We Try To Help

Breast Cancer is a disease in which the cells of the breast start to grow in an uncontrolled way. It can start in one or both breasts. After skin cancer, breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in females. It can occur both in men and women, but it’s far more common and at the highest risk in women aged 50-74 years. Most breast cancers begin in the ducts or lobules of the breast. It can also spread (metastasize) outside the breast through blood.

Cervical cancer develops in the woman’s cervix, which is referred to as the entrance to the uterus from the vagina (aka neck of the womb). It happens due to the changes in the cells of the cervix. Most cases of cervical cancer are caused by infection with HPV (Human Papilloma Virus) and can affect the deeper tissues of the cervix and may spread or metastasize to other parts of the body, often the lungs, liver, bladder, vagina, and rectum.

Oral cancer occurs due to the unconstrained growth of cells, appearing as a growth or sore which does not go away. It can be developed in any area that makes up the mouth (oral cavity), mostly it develops in the squamous cells found in the mouth, tongue & lips. It can occur on the inner linings of the cheek, the root of the mouth, floor of the mouth (under the tongue), hard & soft palate, sinuses, & pharynx (throat).

Ovaries are the part of a women’s body that produces an egg, and ovarian cancer refers to the growth of cancerous cells in the ovary. These cells multiply quickly and can invade & destroy nearby healthy normal tissues and break off from an initial tumor to spread or metastasize to other parts of the body. Most ovarian cancer starts in the epithelium or the outer lining of the ovary.

Orbital tumors develop in the structure around the eyes, due to the uncontrolled growth of the tissues in that area. These lesions may arise primarily from the orbit & may spread(metastasize) to elsewhere in the body. These tumors can occur behind or around the eye and can push the eye forward causing a bulging of the eyes called Proptosis, which can cause a corneal breakdown. Most patient with orbital tumor notices a bulging of the eyeball or double vision (Diplopia).

Paranasal Sinus cancer cells grow insides the sinuses, the open space behind the nose. This tumor can begin in the cells of the bones, membranes, or nerves that line the area. The possible causes can be exposure to industrial chemicals, radium, smoking cigarettes, etc. Paranasal sinus cancer is often discovered when a person is treated for seemingly benign, or inflammatory disease of the sinuses (sinusitis).

Salivary gland tumors are the growth of abnormal cells that starts in the salivary gland or in the tubes (ducts) that drains the gland. Most are benign (non-cancerous), but sometimes it can be malignant or cancerous, which are relatively rare and makes up only 6% of head & neck cancers. The most common type of salivary gland tumor is a slow-growing benign(non-cancerous) tumor in the Parotid gland, making almost 80% of all salivary gland tumors.

Thyroid cancer develops in the cells of the thyroid, a butterfly-shaped gland located at the front base of the throat. Thyroid cancer is a solid tumor cancer that usually shows up as a nodule, or mass in the thyroid gland. It forms due to the uncontrolled growth of the cells. The two most common types of thyroid cancer accounting for almost 95% of cases are Papillary Thyroid Cancer & Follicular Thyroid Cancer.

Uterine cancer is a general term used to describe cancers of the uterus or womb. Uterine cancer can be of two types: Endometrial Cancer, which develops in the inner linings of the uterus and is considered the most common gynecologic cancer & is often detected at an early stage because it frequently produces abnormal vaginal bleeding and can be often treated by removing the uterus surgically, the other is, Uterine Sarcoma which develops in the Myometrium (muscle wall of the uterus) and is very rare.